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chơi phỏm online(www.vng.app):Spending big and badly shows energy crisis risks for Europe

chơi phỏm online(www.vng.app):Spending big and badly shows energy crisis risks for Europe

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Soaring cost: A coal-fired power plant of the Uniper energy company in Gelsenkirchen. The eurozone is expected to slide into recession over the winter. — AP

PARIS: Crisis-weary European governments that are spending big to cradle their economies through the energy crunch risk causing longer-term harm by spreading fiscal support for firms and households too widely.

With inflation at record levels and central banks rushing to lift borrowing costs to rein in prices, policymakers and economists are warning of a counterproductive clash if countries don’t follow a rule that’s come to be known as the three Ts: temporary, targeted and timely.

By failing to focus measures such as energy-bill relief on the most vulnerable businesses and families, governments may inadvertently boost the case for higher interest rates, while hobbling future budgets with greater debt-servicing burdens.

Liz Truss’s short-lived UK government stands as a warning of the market mayhem that can result from lost confidence.

“It’s easy to put in place measures that affect everyone: it doesn’t discriminate against anyone, so you won’t have a rebellion of the middle classes,” Gregory Claeys, a senior fellow at think tank Bruegel, said.

“If you help everyone you don’t help the poor enough, who are the ones suffering.”

European Union (EU) governments have pledged more than €550bil (US$571bil or RM2.6 trillion) to shield their economies from energy bills that have soared during Russia’s war in Ukraine.

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This climbs to €710bil (RM3.34 trillion) when including support for utilities, according to Bruegel.

Eurozone members have already spent about 1.25% of economic output, or some €200bil (RM1.1 trillion).

The EU commission says around 70% of measures are untargeted, benefiting all or a very large share of populations.

While EU countries aren’t promising such sweeping tax cuts as Truss did, it’s proving politically difficult to stick to the three Ts.

Politicians must choose when to remove the bandage of subsidies and price caps. Meanwhile, targeting measures means picking who benefits, risking social divisions.

Extending help beyond the winter may upset the trade-off between efforts to cool consumer prices and supporting vulnerable households and the bloc’s international competitiveness.

For businesses trying to plan investment, uncertainty about energy bills is their “worst enemy,” European Central Bank (ECB) governing council member Francois Villeroy de Galhau said last week.

Another risk of spending too much for too long is that the reality of higher energy prices doesn’t sink in at a time when Europe needs to decrease consumption to avoid blackouts.A temptation for governments is the boost to finances from additional value-added taxes paid on increasingly expensive goods.

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